After reading “Breaking the Heart” on page 26, fill in the blanks of this story with vocabulary words from the article.
Last week Jackie went for her yearly exam with Dr. Alioto. First a nurse measured Jackie’s height and weight. Jackie had gained weight since a knee injury ended her volleyball season, but she wasn’t clinically –.
Next, the nurse wrapped a cuff around Jackie’s arm to measure her blood pressure. The nurse read off two numbers in order, which stood for — and — blood pressure; wrote them down; and left the room.
Soon Dr. Alioto came in. He asked Jackie about her knee, which was healing nicely; shone a light into her eyes, ears, and throat; and listened to her chest with a stethoscope. Then Dr. Alioto looked at Jackie’s file. Usually he was pretty jovial, but Dr. Alioto grew serious when he saw the information in her chart.
“Even though it’s beating just fine right now, I’m concerned about the health of your — ,” said Dr. Alioto. “Your blood pressure is spiking pretty high, a sign that you might have a condition called –.”
Jackie had heard of this health problem before. Her uncle had it, and he didn’t eat well, exercise, or take his medicine. One day he had to be rushed to the hospital with a — –. Jackie certainly didn’t want to end up like her uncle.
The doctor asked Jackie about her health habits. She didn’t smoke, which was good, because that is a leading cause of –, a condition in which blood vessels become clogged. Still, after hurting her knee, Jackie stopped exercising and spent a lot of her newfound free time on the couch eating junk food–oily potato chips, double-chocolate cookies, and greasy fries.
Dr. Alioto explained that the fats in those types of foods could raise the level of harmful — in Jackie’s blood. “The body needs some of this substance,” he said, “but too much of the wrong kind contributes to a buildup of — in blood vessels.” When this material clogs the narrow — that supply blood to the heart, it can choke off and kill heart muscle, as Jackie’s uncle experienced.
Armed with this knowledge, Jackie left the office determined to take better care of herself by eatinghealthy foods and working out. Dr. Alioto said this would help prevent heart disease and –, a condition in which blood sugar levels are abnormally high. That can also affect the heart. Jackie couldn’t wait for her next checkup!
obese, systolic, diastolic, heart, hypertension, heart attack, atherosclerosis, cholesterol, plaque, arteries, diabetes